hashcat Package Description

hashcat is the world’s fastest and most advanced password recovery utility, supporting five unique modes of attack for over 200 highly-optimized hashing algorithms. hashcat currently supports CPUs, GPUs, and other hardware accelerators on Linux, Windows, and OSX, and has facilities to help enable distributed password cracking.

Source: https://github.com/hashcat/hashcat/
hashcat Homepage | Kali hashcat Repo

  • Author: atom
  • License: MIT

Tools included in the hashcat package

hashcat – World’s fastest and most advanced password recovery utility
root@kali:~# hashcat --help
hashcat - advanced password recovery

Usage: hashcat [options]... hash|hashfile|hccapxfile [dictionary|mask|directory]...

- [ Options ] -

 Options Short / Long           | Type | Description                                          | Example
================================+======+======================================================+=======================
 -m, --hash-type                | Num  | Hash-type, see references below                      | -m 1000
 -a, --attack-mode              | Num  | Attack-mode, see references below                    | -a 3
 -V, --version                  |      | Print version                                        |
 -h, --help                     |      | Print help                                           |
     --quiet                    |      | Suppress output                                      |
     --hex-charset              |      | Assume charset is given in hex                       |
     --hex-salt                 |      | Assume salt is given in hex                          |
     --hex-wordlist             |      | Assume words in wordlist are given in hex            |
     --force                    |      | Ignore warnings                                      |
     --status                   |      | Enable automatic update of the status screen         |
     --status-timer             | Num  | Sets seconds between status screen updates to X      | --status-timer=1
     --machine-readable         |      | Display the status view in a machine-readable format |
     --keep-guessing            |      | Keep guessing the hash after it has been cracked     |
     --self-test-disable        |      | Disable self-test functionality on startup           |
     --loopback                 |      | Add new plains to induct directory                   |
     --markov-hcstat2           | File | Specify hcstat2 file to use                          | --markov-hcstat2=my.hcstat2
     --markov-disable           |      | Disables markov-chains, emulates classic brute-force |
     --markov-classic           |      | Enables classic markov-chains, no per-position       |
 -t, --markov-threshold         | Num  | Threshold X when to stop accepting new markov-chains | -t 50
     --runtime                  | Num  | Abort session after X seconds of runtime             | --runtime=10
     --session                  | Str  | Define specific session name                         | --session=mysession
     --restore                  |      | Restore session from --session                       |
     --restore-disable          |      | Do not write restore file                            |
     --restore-file-path        | File | Specific path to restore file                        | --restore-file-path=x.restore
 -o, --outfile                  | File | Define outfile for recovered hash                    | -o outfile.txt
     --outfile-format           | Num  | Define outfile-format X for recovered hash           | --outfile-format=7
     --outfile-autohex-disable  |      | Disable the use of $HEX[] in output plains           |
     --outfile-check-timer      | Num  | Sets seconds between outfile checks to X             | --outfile-check=30
     --wordlist-autohex-disable |      | Disable the conversion of $HEX[] from the wordlist   |
 -p, --separator                | Char | Separator char for hashlists and outfile             | -p :
     --stdout                   |      | Do not crack a hash, instead print candidates only   |
     --show                     |      | Compare hashlist with potfile; show cracked hashes   |
     --left                     |      | Compare hashlist with potfile; show uncracked hashes |
     --username                 |      | Enable ignoring of usernames in hashfile             |
     --remove                   |      | Enable removal of hashes once they are cracked       |
     --remove-timer             | Num  | Update input hash file each X seconds                | --remove-timer=30
     --potfile-disable          |      | Do not write potfile                                 |
     --potfile-path             | File | Specific path to potfile                             | --potfile-path=my.pot
     --encoding-from            | Code | Force internal wordlist encoding from X              | --encoding-from=iso-8859-15
     --encoding-to              | Code | Force internal wordlist encoding to X                | --encoding-to=utf-32le
     --debug-mode               | Num  | Defines the debug mode (hybrid only by using rules)  | --debug-mode=4
     --debug-file               | File | Output file for debugging rules                      | --debug-file=good.log
     --induction-dir            | Dir  | Specify the induction directory to use for loopback  | --induction=inducts
     --outfile-check-dir        | Dir  | Specify the outfile directory to monitor for plains  | --outfile-check-dir=x
     --logfile-disable          |      | Disable the logfile                                  |
     --hccapx-message-pair      | Num  | Load only message pairs from hccapx matching X       | --hccapx-message-pair=2
     --nonce-error-corrections  | Num  | The BF size range to replace AP's nonce last bytes   | --nonce-error-corrections=16
     --truecrypt-keyfiles       | File | Keyfiles to use, separated with commas               | --truecrypt-key=x.png
     --veracrypt-keyfiles       | File | Keyfiles to use, separated with commas               | --veracrypt-key=x.txt
     --veracrypt-pim            | Num  | VeraCrypt personal iterations multiplier             | --veracrypt-pim=1000
 -b, --benchmark                |      | Run benchmark of selected hash-modes                 |
     --benchmark-all            |      | Run benchmark of all hash-modes (requires -b)        |
     --speed-only               |      | Return expected speed of the attack, then quit       |
     --progress-only            |      | Return ideal progress step size and time to process  |
 -c, --segment-size             | Num  | Sets size in MB to cache from the wordfile to X      | -c 32
     --bitmap-min               | Num  | Sets minimum bits allowed for bitmaps to X           | --bitmap-min=24
     --bitmap-max               | Num  | Sets maximum bits allowed for bitmaps to X           | --bitmap-max=24
     --cpu-affinity             | Str  | Locks to CPU devices, separated with commas          | --cpu-affinity=1,2,3
     --example-hashes           |      | Show an example hash for each hash-mode              |
 -I, --opencl-info              |      | Show info about detected OpenCL platforms/devices    | -I
     --opencl-platforms         | Str  | OpenCL platforms to use, separated with commas       | --opencl-platforms=2
 -d, --opencl-devices           | Str  | OpenCL devices to use, separated with commas         | -d 1
 -D, --opencl-device-types      | Str  | OpenCL device-types to use, separated with commas    | -D 1
     --opencl-vector-width      | Num  | Manually override OpenCL vector-width to X           | --opencl-vector=4
 -O, --optimized-kernel-enable  |      | Enable optimized kernels (limits password length)    |
 -w, --workload-profile         | Num  | Enable a specific workload profile, see pool below   | -w 3
 -n, --kernel-accel             | Num  | Manual workload tuning, set outerloop step size to X | -n 64
 -u, --kernel-loops             | Num  | Manual workload tuning, set innerloop step size to X | -u 256
     --nvidia-spin-damp         | Num  | Workaround NVIDIAs CPU burning loop bug, in percent  | --nvidia-spin-damp=50
     --gpu-temp-disable         |      | Disable temperature and fanspeed reads and triggers  |
     --gpu-temp-abort           | Num  | Abort if GPU temperature reaches X degrees Celsius   | --gpu-temp-abort=100
     --scrypt-tmto              | Num  | Manually override TMTO value for scrypt to X         | --scrypt-tmto=3
 -s, --skip                     | Num  | Skip X words from the start                          | -s 1000000
 -l, --limit                    | Num  | Limit X words from the start + skipped words         | -l 1000000
     --keyspace                 |      | Show keyspace base:mod values and quit               |
 -j, --rule-left                | Rule | Single rule applied to each word from left wordlist  | -j 'c'
 -k, --rule-right               | Rule | Single rule applied to each word from right wordlist | -k '^-'
 -r, --rules-file               | File | Multiple rules applied to each word from wordlists   | -r rules/best64.rule
 -g, --generate-rules           | Num  | Generate X random rules                              | -g 10000
     --generate-rules-func-min  | Num  | Force min X functions per rule                       |
     --generate-rules-func-max  | Num  | Force max X functions per rule                       |
     --generate-rules-seed      | Num  | Force RNG seed set to X                              |
 -1, --custom-charset1          | CS   | User-defined charset ?1                              | -1 ?l?d?u
 -2, --custom-charset2          | CS   | User-defined charset ?2                              | -2 ?l?d?s
 -3, --custom-charset3          | CS   | User-defined charset ?3                              |
 -4, --custom-charset4          | CS   | User-defined charset ?4                              |
 -i, --increment                |      | Enable mask increment mode                           |
     --increment-min            | Num  | Start mask incrementing at X                         | --increment-min=4
     --increment-max            | Num  | Stop mask incrementing at X                          | --increment-max=8
 -S, --slow-candidates          |      | Enable slower (but advanced) candidate generators    |
     --brain-server             |      | Enable brain server                                  |
 -z, --brain-client             |      | Enable brain client, activates -S                    |
     --brain-client-features    | Num  | Define brain client features, see below              | --brain-client-features=3
     --brain-host               | Str  | Brain server host (IP or domain)                     | --brain-host=127.0.0.1
     --brain-port               | Port | Brain server port                                    | --brain-port=13743
     --brain-password           | Str  | Brain server authentication password                 | --brain-password=bZfhCvGUSjRq
     --brain-session            | Hex  | Overrides automatically calculated brain session     | --brain-session=0x2ae611db
     --brain-session-whitelist  | Hex  | Allow given sessions only, separated with commas     | --brain-session-whitelist=0x2ae611db

- [ Hash modes ] -

      # | Name                                             | Category
  ======+==================================================+======================================
    900 | MD4                                              | Raw Hash
      0 | MD5                                              | Raw Hash
   5100 | Half MD5                                         | Raw Hash
    100 | SHA1                                             | Raw Hash
   1300 | SHA2-224                                         | Raw Hash
   1400 | SHA2-256                                         | Raw Hash
  10800 | SHA2-384                                         | Raw Hash
   1700 | SHA2-512                                         | Raw Hash
  17300 | SHA3-224                                         | Raw Hash
  17400 | SHA3-256                                         | Raw Hash
  17500 | SHA3-384                                         | Raw Hash
  17600 | SHA3-512                                         | Raw Hash
  17700 | Keccak-224                                       | Raw Hash
  17800 | Keccak-256                                       | Raw Hash
  17900 | Keccak-384                                       | Raw Hash
  18000 | Keccak-512                                       | Raw Hash
    600 | BLAKE2b-512                                      | Raw Hash
  10100 | SipHash                                          | Raw Hash
   6000 | RIPEMD-160                                       | Raw Hash
   6100 | Whirlpool                                        | Raw Hash
   6900 | GOST R 34.11-94                                  | Raw Hash
  11700 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 256-bit             | Raw Hash
  11800 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 512-bit             | Raw Hash
     10 | md5($pass.$salt)                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     20 | md5($salt.$pass)                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     30 | md5(utf16le($pass).$salt)                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     40 | md5($salt.utf16le($pass))                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3800 | md5($salt.$pass.$salt)                           | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3710 | md5($salt.md5($pass))                            | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4010 | md5($salt.md5($salt.$pass))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4110 | md5($salt.md5($pass.$salt))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   2600 | md5(md5($pass))                                  | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3910 | md5(md5($pass).md5($salt))                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4300 | md5(strtoupper(md5($pass)))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4400 | md5(sha1($pass))                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    110 | sha1($pass.$salt)                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    120 | sha1($salt.$pass)                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    130 | sha1(utf16le($pass).$salt)                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    140 | sha1($salt.utf16le($pass))                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4500 | sha1(sha1($pass))                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4520 | sha1($salt.sha1($pass))                          | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4700 | sha1(md5($pass))                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4900 | sha1($salt.$pass.$salt)                          | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  14400 | sha1(CX)                                         | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1410 | sha256($pass.$salt)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1420 | sha256($salt.$pass)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1430 | sha256(utf16le($pass).$salt)                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1440 | sha256($salt.utf16le($pass))                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1710 | sha512($pass.$salt)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1720 | sha512($salt.$pass)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1730 | sha512(utf16le($pass).$salt)                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1740 | sha512($salt.utf16le($pass))                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     50 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $pass)                           | Raw Hash, Authenticated
     60 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $salt)                           | Raw Hash, Authenticated
    150 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $pass)                          | Raw Hash, Authenticated
    160 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $salt)                          | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1450 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $pass)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1460 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $salt)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1750 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $pass)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1760 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $salt)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  14000 | DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                    | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  14100 | 3DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                   | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  14900 | Skip32 (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                 | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  15400 | ChaCha20                                         | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
    400 | phpass                                           | Generic KDF
   8900 | scrypt                                           | Generic KDF
  11900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-MD5                                  | Generic KDF
  12000 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1                                 | Generic KDF
  10900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256                               | Generic KDF
  12100 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512                               | Generic KDF
     23 | Skype                                            | Network Protocols
   2500 | WPA-EAPOL-PBKDF2                                 | Network Protocols
   2501 | WPA-EAPOL-PMK                                    | Network Protocols
  16800 | WPA-PMKID-PBKDF2                                 | Network Protocols
  16801 | WPA-PMKID-PMK                                    | Network Protocols
   4800 | iSCSI CHAP authentication, MD5(CHAP)             | Network Protocols
   5300 | IKE-PSK MD5                                      | Network Protocols
   5400 | IKE-PSK SHA1                                     | Network Protocols
   5500 | NetNTLMv1                                        | Network Protocols
   5500 | NetNTLMv1+ESS                                    | Network Protocols
   5600 | NetNTLMv2                                        | Network Protocols
   7300 | IPMI2 RAKP HMAC-SHA1                             | Network Protocols
   7500 | Kerberos 5 AS-REQ Pre-Auth etype 23              | Network Protocols
   8300 | DNSSEC (NSEC3)                                   | Network Protocols
  10200 | CRAM-MD5                                         | Network Protocols
  11100 | PostgreSQL CRAM (MD5)                            | Network Protocols
  11200 | MySQL CRAM (SHA1)                                | Network Protocols
  11400 | SIP digest authentication (MD5)                  | Network Protocols
  13100 | Kerberos 5 TGS-REP etype 23                      | Network Protocols
  16100 | TACACS+                                          | Network Protocols
  16500 | JWT (JSON Web Token)                             | Network Protocols
    121 | SMF (Simple Machines Forum) > v1.1               | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
    400 | phpBB3 (MD5)                                     | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   2611 | vBulletin < v3.8.5                               | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   2711 | vBulletin >= v3.8.5                              | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   2811 | MyBB 1.2+                                        | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   2811 | IPB2+ (Invision Power Board)                     | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   8400 | WBB3 (Woltlab Burning Board)                     | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
     11 | Joomla < 2.5.18                                  | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
    400 | Joomla >= 2.5.18 (MD5)                           | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
    400 | WordPress (MD5)                                  | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   2612 | PHPS                                             | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   7900 | Drupal7                                          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
     21 | osCommerce                                       | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
     21 | xt:Commerce                                      | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
  11000 | PrestaShop                                       | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
    124 | Django (SHA-1)                                   | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
  10000 | Django (PBKDF2-SHA256)                           | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
  16000 | Tripcode                                         | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   3711 | MediaWiki B type                                 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
  13900 | OpenCart                                         | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   4521 | Redmine                                          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
   4522 | PunBB                                            | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
  12001 | Atlassian (PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1)                     | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
     12 | PostgreSQL                                       | Database Server
    131 | MSSQL (2000)                                     | Database Server
    132 | MSSQL (2005)                                     | Database Server
   1731 | MSSQL (2012, 2014)                               | Database Server
    200 | MySQL323                                         | Database Server
    300 | MySQL4.1/MySQL5                                  | Database Server
   3100 | Oracle H: Type (Oracle 7+)                       | Database Server
    112 | Oracle S: Type (Oracle 11+)                      | Database Server
  12300 | Oracle T: Type (Oracle 12+)                      | Database Server
   8000 | Sybase ASE                                       | Database Server
    141 | Episerver 6.x < .NET 4                           | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1441 | Episerver 6.x >= .NET 4                          | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1600 | Apache $apr1$ MD5, md5apr1, MD5 (APR)            | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  12600 | ColdFusion 10+                                   | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1421 | hMailServer                                      | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
    101 | nsldap, SHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SHA         | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
    111 | nsldaps, SSHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SSHA      | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1411 | SSHA-256(Base64), LDAP {SSHA256}                 | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1711 | SSHA-512(Base64), LDAP {SSHA512}                 | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  16400 | CRAM-MD5 Dovecot                                 | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  15000 | FileZilla Server >= 0.9.55                       | FTP Server
  11500 | CRC32                                            | Checksums
   3000 | LM                                               | Operating Systems
   1000 | NTLM                                             | Operating Systems
   1100 | Domain Cached Credentials (DCC), MS Cache        | Operating Systems
   2100 | Domain Cached Credentials 2 (DCC2), MS Cache 2   | Operating Systems
  15300 | DPAPI masterkey file v1                          | Operating Systems
  15900 | DPAPI masterkey file v2                          | Operating Systems
  12800 | MS-AzureSync  PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256                 | Operating Systems
   1500 | descrypt, DES (Unix), Traditional DES            | Operating Systems
  12400 | BSDi Crypt, Extended DES                         | Operating Systems
    500 | md5crypt, MD5 (Unix), Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5)        | Operating Systems
   3200 | bcrypt $2*$, Blowfish (Unix)                     | Operating Systems
   7400 | sha256crypt $5$, SHA256 (Unix)                   | Operating Systems
   1800 | sha512crypt $6$, SHA512 (Unix)                   | Operating Systems
    122 | macOS v10.4, MacOS v10.5, MacOS v10.6            | Operating Systems
   1722 | macOS v10.7                                      | Operating Systems
   7100 | macOS v10.8+ (PBKDF2-SHA512)                     | Operating Systems
   6300 | AIX {smd5}                                       | Operating Systems
   6700 | AIX {ssha1}                                      | Operating Systems
   6400 | AIX {ssha256}                                    | Operating Systems
   6500 | AIX {ssha512}                                    | Operating Systems
   2400 | Cisco-PIX MD5                                    | Operating Systems
   2410 | Cisco-ASA MD5                                    | Operating Systems
    500 | Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5)                              | Operating Systems
   5700 | Cisco-IOS type 4 (SHA256)                        | Operating Systems
   9200 | Cisco-IOS $8$ (PBKDF2-SHA256)                    | Operating Systems
   9300 | Cisco-IOS $9$ (scrypt)                           | Operating Systems
     22 | Juniper NetScreen/SSG (ScreenOS)                 | Operating Systems
    501 | Juniper IVE                                      | Operating Systems
  15100 | Juniper/NetBSD sha1crypt                         | Operating Systems
   7000 | FortiGate (FortiOS)                              | Operating Systems
   5800 | Samsung Android Password/PIN                     | Operating Systems
  13800 | Windows Phone 8+ PIN/password                    | Operating Systems
   8100 | Citrix NetScaler                                 | Operating Systems
   8500 | RACF                                             | Operating Systems
   7200 | GRUB 2                                           | Operating Systems
   9900 | Radmin2                                          | Operating Systems
    125 | ArubaOS                                          | Operating Systems
   7700 | SAP CODVN B (BCODE)                              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7701 | SAP CODVN B (BCODE) via RFC_READ_TABLE           | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7800 | SAP CODVN F/G (PASSCODE)                         | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7801 | SAP CODVN F/G (PASSCODE) via RFC_READ_TABLE      | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  10300 | SAP CODVN H (PWDSALTEDHASH) iSSHA-1              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   8600 | Lotus Notes/Domino 5                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   8700 | Lotus Notes/Domino 6                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   9100 | Lotus Notes/Domino 8                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
    133 | PeopleSoft                                       | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  13500 | PeopleSoft PS_TOKEN                              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  11600 | 7-Zip                                            | Archives
  12500 | RAR3-hp                                          | Archives
  13000 | RAR5                                             | Archives
  13200 | AxCrypt                                          | Archives
  13300 | AxCrypt in-memory SHA1                           | Archives
  13600 | WinZip                                           | Archives
  14700 | iTunes backup < 10.0                             | Backup
  14800 | iTunes backup >= 10.0                            | Backup
   62XY | TrueCrypt                                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 1 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 2 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512                           | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 3 = PBKDF2-HMAC-Whirlpool                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 4 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 + boot-mode            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure AES                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure Serpent                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure Twofish                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure AES                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Serpent                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Twofish                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded AES-Twofish            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Serpent-AES            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Twofish-Serpent        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 3 = XTS 1536 bit all                             | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   8800 | Android FDE <= 4.3                               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  12900 | Android FDE (Samsung DEK)                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  12200 | eCryptfs                                         | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  137XY | VeraCrypt                                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 1 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 2 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512                           | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 3 = PBKDF2-HMAC-Whirlpool                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 4 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 + boot-mode            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 5 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256                           | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
     X  | 6 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 + boot-mode               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure AES                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure Serpent                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 1 = XTS  512 bit pure Twofish                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure AES                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Serpent                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Twofish                    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded AES-Twofish            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Serpent-AES            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Twofish-Serpent        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
      Y | 3 = XTS 1536 bit all                             | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  14600 | LUKS                                             | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  16700 | FileVault 2                                      | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   9700 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4               | Documents
   9710 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #1  | Documents
   9720 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #2  | Documents
   9800 | MS Office <= 2003 $3/$4, SHA1 + RC4              | Documents
   9810 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #1    | Documents
   9820 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #2    | Documents
   9400 | MS Office 2007                                   | Documents
   9500 | MS Office 2010                                   | Documents
   9600 | MS Office 2013                                   | Documents
  10400 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4)                    | Documents
  10410 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #1       | Documents
  10420 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #2       | Documents
  10500 | PDF 1.4 - 1.6 (Acrobat 5 - 8)                    | Documents
  10600 | PDF 1.7 Level 3 (Acrobat 9)                      | Documents
  10700 | PDF 1.7 Level 8 (Acrobat 10 - 11)                | Documents
  16200 | Apple Secure Notes                               | Documents
   9000 | Password Safe v2                                 | Password Managers
   5200 | Password Safe v3                                 | Password Managers
   6800 | LastPass + LastPass sniffed                      | Password Managers
   6600 | 1Password, agilekeychain                         | Password Managers
   8200 | 1Password, cloudkeychain                         | Password Managers
  11300 | Bitcoin/Litecoin wallet.dat                      | Password Managers
  12700 | Blockchain, My Wallet                            | Password Managers
  15200 | Blockchain, My Wallet, V2                        | Password Managers
  16600 | Electrum Wallet (Salt-Type 1-3)                  | Password Managers
  13400 | KeePass 1 (AES/Twofish) and KeePass 2 (AES)      | Password Managers
  15500 | JKS Java Key Store Private Keys (SHA1)           | Password Managers
  15600 | Ethereum Wallet, PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256              | Password Managers
  15700 | Ethereum Wallet, SCRYPT                          | Password Managers
  16300 | Ethereum Pre-Sale Wallet, PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256     | Password Managers
  16900 | Ansible Vault                                    | Password Managers
  18100 | TOTP (HMAC-SHA1)                                 | One-Time Passwords
  99999 | Plaintext                                        | Plaintext

- [ Brain Client Features ] -

  # | Features
 ===+========
  1 | Send hashed passwords
  2 | Send attack positions
  3 | Send hashed passwords and attack positions

- [ Outfile Formats ] -

  # | Format
 ===+========
  1 | hash[:salt]
  2 | plain
  3 | hash[:salt]:plain
  4 | hex_plain
  5 | hash[:salt]:hex_plain
  6 | plain:hex_plain
  7 | hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain
  8 | crackpos
  9 | hash[:salt]:crack_pos
 10 | plain:crack_pos
 11 | hash[:salt]:plain:crack_pos
 12 | hex_plain:crack_pos
 13 | hash[:salt]:hex_plain:crack_pos
 14 | plain:hex_plain:crack_pos
 15 | hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain:crack_pos

- [ Rule Debugging Modes ] -

  # | Format
 ===+========
  1 | Finding-Rule
  2 | Original-Word
  3 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule
  4 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule:Processed-Word

- [ Attack Modes ] -

  # | Mode
 ===+======
  0 | Straight
  1 | Combination
  3 | Brute-force
  6 | Hybrid Wordlist + Mask
  7 | Hybrid Mask + Wordlist

- [ Built-in Charsets ] -

  ? | Charset
 ===+=========
  l | abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
  u | ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
  d | 0123456789
  h | 0123456789abcdef
  H | 0123456789ABCDEF
  s |  !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~
  a | ?l?u?d?s
  b | 0x00 - 0xff

- [ OpenCL Device Types ] -

  # | Device Type
 ===+=============
  1 | CPU
  2 | GPU
  3 | FPGA, DSP, Co-Processor

- [ Workload Profiles ] -

  # | Performance | Runtime | Power Consumption | Desktop Impact
 ===+=============+=========+===================+=================
  1 | Low         |   2 ms  | Low               | Minimal
  2 | Default     |  12 ms  | Economic          | Noticeable
  3 | High        |  96 ms  | High              | Unresponsive
  4 | Nightmare   | 480 ms  | Insane            | Headless

- [ Basic Examples ] -

  Attack-          | Hash- |
  Mode             | Type  | Example command
 ==================+=======+==================================================================
  Wordlist         | $P$   | hashcat -a 0 -m 400 example400.hash example.dict
  Wordlist + Rules | MD5   | hashcat -a 0 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict -r rules/best64.rule
  Brute-Force      | MD5   | hashcat -a 3 -m 0 example0.hash ?a?a?a?a?a?a
  Combinator       | MD5   | hashcat -a 1 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict example.dict

If you still have no idea what just happened, try the following pages:

* https://hashcat.net/wiki/#howtos_videos_papers_articles_etc_in_the_wild
* https://hashcat.net/faq/

hashcat Usage Examples

Run a benchmark test on all supported hash types to determine cracking speed.

root@kali:~# hashcat -b
hashcat (v5.0.0) starting in benchmark mode...

Benchmarking uses hand-optimized kernel code by default.
You can use it in your cracking session by setting the -O option.
Note: Using optimized kernel code limits the maximum supported password length.
To disable the optimized kernel code in benchmark mode, use the -w option.

* Device #1: Not a native Intel OpenCL runtime. Expect massive speed loss.
             You can use --force to override, but do not report related errors.
OpenCL Platform #1: The pocl project
====================================
* Device #1: pthread-Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2676 v3 @ 2.40GHz, skipped.

OpenCL Platform #2: Intel(R) Corporation
========================================
* Device #2: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2676 v3 @ 2.40GHz, 986/3946 MB allocatable, 2MCU

Benchmark relevant options:
===========================
* --optimized-kernel-enable

Hashmode: 0 - MD5

Speed.#2.........:   134.9 MH/s (15.41ms) @ Accel:1024 Loops:1024 Thr:1 Vec:8

Hashmode: 100 - SHA1

Speed.#2.........: 98899.4 kH/s (21.04ms) @ Accel:1024 Loops:1024 Thr:1 Vec:8

Hashmode: 1400 - SHA2-256

Speed.#2.........: 42768.3 kH/s (48.86ms) @ Accel:1024 Loops:1024 Thr:1 Vec:8
...

Use md5crypt mode (-m 500) to cracking the sample hash (example500.hash) with the provided wordlist (/usr/share/wordlists/sqlmap.txt).

root@kali:~# hashcat -m 500 example500.hash /usr/share/wordlists/sqlmap.txt
hashcat (v5.0.0) starting...

* Device #1: Not a native Intel OpenCL runtime. Expect massive speed loss.
             You can use --force to override, but do not report related errors.
OpenCL Platform #1: The pocl project
====================================
* Device #1: pthread-Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2676 v3 @ 2.40GHz, skipped.

OpenCL Platform #2: Intel(R) Corporation
========================================
* Device #2: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2676 v3 @ 2.40GHz, 986/3946 MB allocatable, 2MCU

Hashes: 1 digests; 1 unique digests, 1 unique salts
Bitmaps: 16 bits, 65536 entries, 0x0000ffff mask, 262144 bytes, 5/13 rotates
Rules: 1

Applicable optimizers:
* Zero-Byte
* Single-Hash
* Single-Salt

Minimum password length supported by kernel: 0
Maximum password length supported by kernel: 256

ATTENTION! Pure (unoptimized) OpenCL kernels selected.
This enables cracking passwords and salts > length 32 but for the price of drastically reduced performance.
If you want to switch to optimized OpenCL kernels, append -O to your commandline.

Watchdog: Hardware monitoring interface not found on your system.
Watchdog: Temperature abort trigger disabled.

* Device #2: build_opts '-cl-std=CL1.2 -I OpenCL -I /usr/share/hashcat/OpenCL -D VENDOR_ID=8 -D CUDA_ARCH=0 -D AMD_ROCM=0 -D VECT_SIZE=8 -D DEVICE_TYPE=2 -D DGST_R0=0 -D DGST_R1=1 -D DGST_R2=2 -D DGST_R3=3 -D DGST_ELEM=4 -D KERN_TYPE=500 -D _unroll'
Dictionary cache hit:
* Filename..: /usr/share/wordlists/sqlmap.txt
* Passwords.: 1406529
* Bytes.....: 12790573
* Keyspace..: 1406529

[s]tatus [p]ause [b]ypass [c]heckpoint [q]uit => s

Session..........: hashcat
Status...........: Running
Hash.Type........: md5crypt, MD5 (Unix), Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5)
Hash.Target......: $1$uOM6WNc4$r3ZGeSB11q6UUSILqek3J1
Time.Started.....: Sat Nov 24 22:37:25 2018 (26 secs)
Time.Estimated...: Sat Nov 24 22:40:46 2018 (2 mins, 55 secs)
Guess.Base.......: File (/usr/share/wordlists/sqlmap.txt)
Guess.Queue......: 1/1 (100.00%)
Speed.#2.........:     6969 H/s (9.09ms) @ Accel:256 Loops:125 Thr:1 Vec:8
Recovered........: 0/1 (0.00%) Digests, 0/1 (0.00%) Salts
Progress.........: 183808/1406529 (13.07%)
Rejected.........: 0/183808 (0.00%)
Restore.Point....: 183808/1406529 (13.07%)
Restore.Sub.#2...: Salt:0 Amplifier:0-1 Iteration:375-500
Candidates.#2....: 6104484 -> 61758102mt

[s]tatus [p]ause [b]ypass [c]heckpoint [q]uit =>
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