p0f Package Description
P0f is a tool that utilizes an array of sophisticated, purely passive traffic fingerprinting mechanisms to identify the players behind any incidental TCP/IP communications (often as little as a single normal SYN) without interfering in any way. Version 3 is a complete rewrite of the original codebase, incorporating a significant number of improvements to network-level fingerprinting, and introducing the ability to reason about application-level payloads (e.g., HTTP).
Some of p0f’s capabilities include:
- Highly scalable and extremely fast identification of the operating system and software on both endpoints of a vanilla TCP connection – especially in settings where NMap probes are blocked, too slow, unreliable, or would simply set off alarms.
- Measurement of system uptime and network hookup, distance (including topology behind NAT or packet filters), user language preferences, and so on.
- Automated detection of connection sharing / NAT, load balancing, and application-level proxying setups.
- Detection of clients and servers that forge declarative statements such as X-Mailer or User-Agent.
- Author: Michal Zalewski
- License: LGPL-2
The tool can be operated in the foreground or as a daemon, and offers a simple real-time API for third-party components that wish to obtain additional information about the actors they are talking to.
Common uses for p0f include reconnaissance during penetration tests; routine network monitoring; detection of unauthorized network interconnects in corporate environments; providing signals for abuse-prevention tools; and miscellanous forensics.
Tools included in the p0f package
p0f – Passive OS fingerprinting tool
--- p0f 3.09b by Michal Zalewski <email@example.com> ---
p0f: invalid option -- 'h'
Usage: p0f [ ...options... ] [ 'filter rule' ]
Network interface options:
-i iface - listen on the specified network interface
-r file - read offline pcap data from a given file
-p - put the listening interface in promiscuous mode
-L - list all available interfaces
Operating mode and output settings:
-f file - read fingerprint database from 'file' (/etc/p0f/p0f.fp)
-o file - write information to the specified log file
-s name - answer to API queries at a named unix socket
-u user - switch to the specified unprivileged account and chroot
-d - fork into background (requires -o or -s)
-S limit - limit number of parallel API connections (20)
-t c,h - set connection / host cache age limits (30s,120m)
-m c,h - cap the number of active connections / hosts (1000,10000)
Optional filter expressions (man tcpdump) can be specified in the command
line to prevent p0f from looking at incidental network traffic.
Problems? You can reach the author at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
p0f Usage Example
Use interface eth0 (-i eth0) in promiscuous mode (-p), saving the results to a file (-o /tmp/p0f.log):
-- p0f 3.09b by Michal Zalewski <email@example.com> ---
[+] Closed 1 file descriptor.
[+] Loaded 322 signatures from '/etc/p0f/p0f.fp'.
[+] Intercepting traffic on interface 'eth0'.
[+] Default packet filtering configured [+VLAN].
[+] Log file '/tmp/p0f.log' opened for writing.
[+] Entered main event loop.
.-[ 192.168.1.15/35834 -> 18.104.22.168/873 (syn) ]-
| client = 192.168.1.15/35834
| os = Linux 3.11 and newer
| dist = 0
| params = none
| raw_sig = 4:64+0:0:1460:mss*20,7:mss,sok,ts,nop,ws:df,id+:0