Volatility Package Description

The Volatility Framework is a completely open collection of tools, implemented in Python under the GNU General Public License, for the extraction of digital artifacts from volatile memory (RAM) samples. The extraction techniques are performed completely independent of the system being investigated but offer unprecedented visibility into the runtime state of the system. The framework is intended to introduce people to the techniques and complexities associated with extracting digital artifacts from volatile memory samples and provide a platform for further work into this exciting area of research.

Volatility supports memory dumps from all major 32- and 64-bit Windows versions and service packs including XP, 2003 Server, Vista, Server 2008, Server 2008 R2, and Seven. Whether your memory dump is in raw format, a Microsoft crash dump, hibernation file, or virtual machine snapshot, Volatility is able to work with it. We also now support Linux memory dumps in raw or LiME format and include 35+ plugins for analyzing 32- and 64-bit Linux kernels from 2.6.11 – 3.5.x and distributions such as Debian, Ubuntu, OpenSuSE, Fedora, CentOS, and Mandrake. We support 38 versions of Mac OSX memory dumps from 10.5 to 10.8.3 Mountain Lion, both 32- and 64-bit. Android phones with ARM processors are also supported. Support for Windows 8, 8.1, Server 2012, 2012 R2, and OSX 10.9 (Mavericks) is either already in svn or just around the corner

Source: https://github.com/volatilityfoundation/volatility
Volatility Homepage | Kali Volatility Repo

  • Author: Volatile Systems, Komoku, Inc
  • License: GPLv2

Tools included in the volatility package

volatility – A memory forensics analysis platform
root@kali:~# volatility -h
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.4
Usage: Volatility - A memory forensics analysis platform.

Options:
  -h, --help            list all available options and their default values.
                        Default values may be set in the configuration file
                        (/etc/volatilityrc)
  --conf-file=/root/.volatilityrc
                        User based configuration file
  -d, --debug           Debug volatility
  --plugins=PLUGINS     Additional plugin directories to use (colon separated)
  --info                Print information about all registered objects
  --cache-directory=/root/.cache/volatility
                        Directory where cache files are stored
  --cache               Use caching
  --tz=TZ               Sets the timezone for displaying timestamps
  -f FILENAME, --filename=FILENAME
                        Filename to use when opening an image
  --profile=WinXPSP2x86
                        Name of the profile to load
  -l LOCATION, --location=LOCATION
                        A URN location from which to load an address space
  -w, --write           Enable write support
  --dtb=DTB             DTB Address
  --shift=SHIFT         Mac KASLR shift address
  --output=text         Output in this format (format support is module
                        specific)
  --output-file=OUTPUT_FILE
                        write output in this file
  -v, --verbose         Verbose information
  -g KDBG, --kdbg=KDBG  Specify a specific KDBG virtual address
  -k KPCR, --kpcr=KPCR  Specify a specific KPCR address

    Supported Plugin Commands:

        apihooks        Detect API hooks in process and kernel memory
        atoms           Print session and window station atom tables
        atomscan        Pool scanner for atom tables
        auditpol        Prints out the Audit Policies from HKLM\SECURITY\Policy\PolAdtEv
        bigpools        Dump the big page pools using BigPagePoolScanner
        bioskbd         Reads the keyboard buffer from Real Mode memory
        cachedump       Dumps cached domain hashes from memory
        callbacks       Print system-wide notification routines
        clipboard       Extract the contents of the windows clipboard
        cmdline         Display process command-line arguments
        cmdscan         Extract command history by scanning for _COMMAND_HISTORY
        connections     Print list of open connections [Windows XP and 2003 Only]
        connscan        Pool scanner for tcp connections
        consoles        Extract command history by scanning for _CONSOLE_INFORMATION
        crashinfo       Dump crash-dump information
        deskscan        Poolscaner for tagDESKTOP (desktops)
        devicetree      Show device tree
        dlldump         Dump DLLs from a process address space
        dlllist         Print list of loaded dlls for each process
        driverirp       Driver IRP hook detection
        driverscan      Pool scanner for driver objects
        dumpcerts       Dump RSA private and public SSL keys
        dumpfiles       Extract memory mapped and cached files
        envars          Display process environment variables
        eventhooks      Print details on windows event hooks
        evtlogs         Extract Windows Event Logs (XP/2003 only)
        filescan        Pool scanner for file objects
        gahti           Dump the USER handle type information
        gditimers       Print installed GDI timers and callbacks
        gdt             Display Global Descriptor Table
        getservicesids  Get the names of services in the Registry and return Calculated SID
        getsids         Print the SIDs owning each process
        handles         Print list of open handles for each process
        hashdump        Dumps passwords hashes (LM/NTLM) from memory
        hibinfo         Dump hibernation file information
        hivedump        Prints out a hive
        hivelist        Print list of registry hives.
        hivescan        Pool scanner for registry hives
        hpakextract     Extract physical memory from an HPAK file
        hpakinfo        Info on an HPAK file
        idt             Display Interrupt Descriptor Table
        iehistory       Reconstruct Internet Explorer cache / history
        imagecopy       Copies a physical address space out as a raw DD image
        imageinfo       Identify information for the image
        impscan         Scan for calls to imported functions
        joblinks        Print process job link information
        kdbgscan        Search for and dump potential KDBG values
        kpcrscan        Search for and dump potential KPCR values
        ldrmodules      Detect unlinked DLLs
        lsadump         Dump (decrypted) LSA secrets from the registry
        machoinfo       Dump Mach-O file format information
        malfind         Find hidden and injected code
        mbrparser       Scans for and parses potential Master Boot Records (MBRs)
        memdump         Dump the addressable memory for a process
        memmap          Print the memory map
        messagehooks    List desktop and thread window message hooks
        mftparser       Scans for and parses potential MFT entries
        moddump         Dump a kernel driver to an executable file sample
        modscan         Pool scanner for kernel modules
        modules         Print list of loaded modules
        multiscan       Scan for various objects at once
        mutantscan      Pool scanner for mutex objects
        notepad         List currently displayed notepad text
        objtypescan     Scan for Windows object type objects
        patcher         Patches memory based on page scans
        poolpeek        Configurable pool scanner plugin
        printkey        Print a registry key, and its subkeys and values
        privs           Display process privileges
        procdump        Dump a process to an executable file sample
        pslist          Print all running processes by following the EPROCESS lists
        psscan          Pool scanner for process objects
        pstree          Print process list as a tree
        psxview         Find hidden processes with various process listings
        raw2dmp         Converts a physical memory sample to a windbg crash dump
        screenshot      Save a pseudo-screenshot based on GDI windows
        sessions        List details on _MM_SESSION_SPACE (user logon sessions)
        shellbags       Prints ShellBags info
        shimcache       Parses the Application Compatibility Shim Cache registry key
        sockets         Print list of open sockets
        sockscan        Pool scanner for tcp socket objects
        ssdt            Display SSDT entries
        strings         Match physical offsets to virtual addresses (may take a while, VERY verbose)
        svcscan         Scan for Windows services
        symlinkscan     Pool scanner for symlink objects
        thrdscan        Pool scanner for thread objects
        threads         Investigate _ETHREAD and _KTHREADs
        timeliner       Creates a timeline from various artifacts in memory
        timers          Print kernel timers and associated module DPCs
        truecryptmaster Recover TrueCrypt 7.1a Master Keys
        truecryptpassphrase TrueCrypt Cached Passprhase Finder
        truecryptsummary    TrueCrypt Summary
        unloadedmodules Print list of unloaded modules
        userassist      Print userassist registry keys and information
        userhandles     Dump the USER handle tables
        vaddump         Dumps out the vad sections to a file
        vadinfo         Dump the VAD info
        vadtree         Walk the VAD tree and display in tree format
        vadwalk         Walk the VAD tree
        vboxinfo        Dump virtualbox information
        verinfo         Prints out the version information from PE images
        vmwareinfo      Dump VMware VMSS/VMSN information
        volshell        Shell in the memory image
        windows         Print Desktop Windows (verbose details)
        wintree         Print Z-Order Desktop Windows Tree
        wndscan         Pool scanner for window stations
        yarascan        Scan process or kernel memory with Yara signatures

vol Usage Example

Read the given memory image (-f /root/xp-laptop-2005-07-04-1430.img) and display the processes that were running (pslist):

root@kali:~# volatility -f /root/xp-laptop-2005-07-04-1430.img pslist
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.4
Offset(V)  Name                    PID   PPID   Thds     Hnds   Sess  Wow64 Start                          Exit                          
---------- -------------------- ------ ------ ------ -------- ------ ------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
0x823c87c0 System                    4      0     62     1133 ------      0                                                              
0x8214b020 smss.exe                400      4      3       21 ------      0 2005-07-04 18:17:26 UTC+0000                                
0x821c11a8 csrss.exe               456    400     11      551      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:29 UTC+0000                                
0x814dc020 winlogon.exe            480    400     18      522      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:29 UTC+0000                                
0x815221c8 services.exe            524    480     17      321      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:30 UTC+0000                                
0x821d8248 lsass.exe               536    480     20      369      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:30 UTC+0000                                
0x814f0020 svchost.exe             680    524     19      206      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:31 UTC+0000                                
0x821daa88 svchost.exe             760    524     10      289      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:31 UTC+0000                                
0x821463a8 svchost.exe             800    524     75     1558      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:31 UTC+0000                                
0x8216c9b0 Smc.exe                 840    524     22      421      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:32 UTC+0000                                
0x81530228 svchost.exe             932    524      6       93      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:33 UTC+0000                                
0x81534c10 svchost.exe             972    524     15      212      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:34 UTC+0000                                
0x8202e7e8 spoolsv.exe            1104    524     11      145      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:38 UTC+0000                                
0x8152f9a0 ati2evxx.exe           1272    524      4       38      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:39 UTC+0000                                
0x820ac020 Crypserv.exe           1356    524      3       34      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:40 UTC+0000                                
0x81521da0 DefWatch.exe           1380    524      3       27      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:40 UTC+0000                                
0x820b5670 msdtc.exe              1440    524     15      164      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:40 UTC+0000                                
0x81fcf460 Rtvscan.exe            1484    524     37      312      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:40 UTC+0000                                
0x8204b8e0 tcpsvcs.exe            1548    524      2      105      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:41 UTC+0000                                
0x82027a78 snmp.exe               1564    524      5      192      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:41 UTC+0000                                
0x8204c558 svchost.exe            1588    524      5      122      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:41 UTC+0000                                
0x8202f558 wdfmgr.exe             1640    524      4       65      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:42 UTC+0000                                
0x81fb5da0 Fast.exe               1844    524      2       33      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:43 UTC+0000                                
0x81fe9da0 mqsvc.exe              1860    524     23      218      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:43 UTC+0000                                
0x82022760 mqtgsvc.exe             712    524      9      119      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:47 UTC+0000                                
0x81fe6a78 alg.exe                 992    524      5      105      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:50 UTC+0000                                
0x8202c6a0 ssonsvr.exe            2196   2172      1       24      0      0 2005-07-04 18:17:59 UTC+0000                                
0x8146e860 explorer.exe           2392   2300     18      489      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:03 UTC+0000                                
0x820d1b00 Directcd.exe           2456   2392      4       40      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:05 UTC+0000                                
0x81540da0 TaskSwitch.exe         2472   2392      1       24      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:05 UTC+0000                                
0x8219dda0 Fast.exe               2480   2392      1       23      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:05 UTC+0000                                
0x81462be0 VPTray.exe             2496   2392      2      111      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:06 UTC+0000                                
0x8219d960 atiptaxx.exe           2524   2392      1       51      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:06 UTC+0000                                
0x814ecc00 jusched.exe            2548   2392      1       22      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:07 UTC+0000                                
0x820d1718 EM_EXEC.EXE            2588   2540      2       80      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:09 UTC+0000                                
0x814b8a58 WZQKPICK.EXE           2692   2392      1       17      0      0 2005-07-04 18:18:15 UTC+0000                                
0x81474510 wuauclt.exe            3128    800      3      157      0      0 2005-07-04 18:19:11 UTC+0000                                
0x81f7fb98 taskmgr.exe            3192   2392      3       65      0      0 2005-07-04 18:19:33 UTC+0000                                
0x8153f480 cmd.exe                3256   2392      1       29      0      0 2005-07-04 18:20:58 UTC+0000                                
0x8133d810 firefox.exe            3276   2392      7      189      0      0 2005-07-04 18:21:11 UTC+0000                                
0xff96b860 PluckSvr.exe           3352    680      6      206      0      0 2005-07-04 18:21:42 UTC+0000                                
0x813383b0 PluckTray.exe          3612   3352      3      102      0      0 2005-07-04 18:24:00 UTC+0000                                
0x81488350 PluckUpdater.ex         368   3352      0 --------      0      0 2005-07-04 18:24:30 UTC+0000   2005-07-04 18:26:44 UTC+0000  
0x81543870 dd.exe
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